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Tuesday, March 30, 2010

KARACHI

Karachi started as a small fishing village called Mai KOLACHI. With the annexation of Sindh by the British in 1843 it changed into a town. Its naturally protected harbor and moderate climate made it a summer resort for Sindh. It was reputed to be the cleanest city of the sub-continent till 1947 with a population of 200,000. Karachi was transformed into an unmanageably big city with the establishment of Pakistan. It was the first capital of the federation from 1947 to 1960 before Islamabad was built. Being a port city millions of refugees from all over India streamed in here and gave it an unprecedented vitality and multicultural dimension. Today, its population exceeds 13 million. The main attractions of Karachi are the sea, the shopping and some fine specimen of Victorian architecture and modern buildings and international cuisine.

Karachi is the economic and commercial capital of Pakistan and an important regional port. It is located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, northwest of the Indus River delta. Karachi accounts for the largest share of Pakistan's gross domestic product and generates about 65% of the national revenue. Karachi claims the highest per capita income in South Asia and is the nucleus of regional business and technological activities. The city has one of the highest literacy rates in Pakistan and is the home of several important academic and research institutions.
Some basic facts about Karachi:
Province Sindh
Location 24°51′36″N, 67°00′36″E
Altitude 8 meters AMSL
Area 3,527 km²
Density 3,394 persons/km²
Calling code 021
Time zone PST +05:00 ahead of GMT
No. of Towns 18
No. of Union Councils 178
City Mayor (Nazim) Syed Mustafa Kamal
Population
Census (1998) 9,339,023
Estimate (2006) 11,969,284
Geography and climate
Karachi is located in southern Pakistan in the north of Arabian Sea. Physically it is mostly comprises flat or rolling plains with hills on the western and northern boundaries of the urban sprawl. Two rivers pass through the city: the Malir River (north east to centre) and the Lyari River (north to south). The Karachi Harbor is a protected bay to the south west of the city. The southern limit of the city is the Arabian Sea and forms a chain of warm water beaches that are rich in natural beauty.
Karachi is located on the coast and as a result has a relatively mild climate. The level of precipitation is low for most of the year. However, due to the city's proximity to the sea, humidity levels usually remain high throughout the year. The city enjoys mild winters and hot summers. Since summer temperatures are quite high (the end of April through the end of August are approximately 35 to 40 degrees Celsius), the winter months (November through March) are the best time to visit Karachi.
Demographics
Currently Karachi population is believed to between 14 and 15 millions. The linguistic distribution of the city in 1998 census is: Urdu speaking 48.52%; Punjabi 13.94%; Sindhi 7.22%; Pashto 11.42%; Balochi4.34%; Seraiki2.11%; others 12.4%. The others include Gujarati, Dawoodi Bohra, Memon, Brahui, Makrani, Khowar, Burushaski, Arabic, Persian and Bengali. The religious breakup of the city is as follows: Muslim 96.49%; Christian 2.35%; Hindu0.83%; Qadiani 0.17%; others 0.13%. The others include Parsi, Jews and Buddhist
Government and administrative division:
Karachi is divided into 18 towns and 1 78 union councils. While Defense Housing Authority is neither a town of Karachi nor a part of any town; and it is managed and operated by the Pakistan Army.
Administrative towns:
Baldia Town
Bin Qasim Town
Gadap Town
Gulberg Town
Gulshan Town
Kiamari Town
Korangi Town
Jamshed Town
Landhi Town
Liaquatabad Town
Lyari Town
New Karachi Town
North Nazimabad Town
Malir Town Orangi Town
Saddar Town
Shah Faisal Town SITE Town
Sites of interest:
Mazar-e-Quaid (Mausoleum of the founder of Pakistan- Muhammad Ali Jinnah)
Koocha-e-Saqafat (National Arts Council)
Mohatta Palace Museum
Masjid e Tooba
I.I. Chundrigar Road (Karachi's "Wall street")
Aga Khan Hospital (for its modernist Islamic architecture)
Teen Talwar (Three Swords) Monument
Beaches and Waterfront
Clifton Sea View seafront
Hawkesbay Beach (breeding ground for endangered turtles)
Paradise Point (a rock promontory in the sea with a natural arch)
Sands pit Beach
French Beach
Russian Beach
Fishing and Crabbing on Kemari and Manora
Creek Club Karachi (offers boating in the creek areas)
Clifton Pavilion and the Jehangir Kothari Parade
Clifton Beach Park
Port Fountain Jet (600ft high pressure water fountain)
Defense Golf Club
Park Towers Shopping Mall
Zamzama Commercial Area (famous for its designer outlets and cafes)
World Wildlife Centre
Abdullah Shah Ghazi Mazar (mausoleum of Karachi's Sufi saint)
Ibn-e-Qasim Park
Museums
Mazar-e-Quaid Museum
Mohatta Palace Museum
Pakistan Air Force Museum
Pakistan Maritime Museum
National Museum of Pakistan

Karachi Expo Centre
Colonial Buildings
Merewether Tower
Freer Hall
Governor's House
St. Patrick's Cathedral
St. Joseph's Convent
St. Anthony's Church
Trinity Church
Sindh High Court
Former Victoria Museum (later used by the Supreme Court)
Sindh Club
Karachi Metropolitan Corporation Building
Hindu Gymkhana (now National Academy of Performing Arts NAPA)
Empress Market
D.J. College
Islands
Clifton Oyster Rocks
Manora Island
Bundle Island
Bhit Shah
Shah Bandar
Churna Island (Naval gunnery site, as well as Pakistan's only coral reefs)
Amusement Parks
PIA Planetarium
Aladdin Park
Sindbad
Hill Park
Safari Park
Karachi Zoo (AKA Gandhi garden)
Taleemi Baagh
Cozy Water Park
Samzu Park
Fun Land
Play Land
Fiesta Park
Dream World Resort
Dolphin Park
Askari Park
Food
Boat Basin
Bahadurabad
Burns Road
Hyderabad Colony
Karachi coastal area:
Karachi coastal area is nearly 60 km in length; main and important places are the following:
Port Qasim Area
Ibrahim Hyderi/ Korangi Beach
Marine Drive Area, DHA
Clifton Beach
Manora Island
Boating Basin
Chinna Creek
Sands pit
Hawks Bay
French Beach
Cape Monze
Education:
Karachi has the highest literacy rates in Pakistan and highest number of universities and other educational institutions. Some prominent institutions are as follows:

NED University of Engineering and Technology
Aga Khan University
Baqai Medical University,
University of Karachi
Institute of Business Administration (IBA)
National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences
Indus Valley Institute of Art and Architecture
Bahria University
Textile Institute of Pakistan
Mohammad Ali Jinnah University
Dow University of Health Science
Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology
Shaheed Zulifiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST
Hamdard University
H.E.J Research Institute of Chemistry,
Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC)
Institute of Business and Management (IBM)
Jinnah University for Women
Dawood College of Engineering and Technology
[PAF-KIET] Pakistan Air Force-Karachi Institute of Economics and Technology

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