Thursday, April 1, 2010


The people of Lahore, when they want to emphasis the uniqueness of their town say “Lahore is Lahore”. The traditional capital of the Punjab for a thousand years, it has been the cultural center of Northern India extending from Peshawar to New Delhi. This pre-eminent position it holds in Pakistan as well. Lahore is a city of poets, littérateurs, artists, wrestlers, colleges and some of the finest gardens in the sub-continent. The ancient legend says, it was founded by Loh, son of Rama Chandra, the hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana.
The people of Lahore, when they want to emphasize the uniqueness of their town say "Lahore is Lahore". The traditional capital of Punjab for a thousand years, it had been the cultural center of Northern India extending from Peshawar to New Delhi. This preeminent position it holds in Pakistan as well.
It is located near the river Ravi and the Indian border, at 31°34′N 74°20′E (31.560000 North, 74.35000 East). It has a population of 6.5 million and the second largest city in Pakistan and considered to be the 24th largest city of the world.

Lahore is known as the cultural center of the Pakistan and it has vast array of historic buildings and gardens from the pre-historic, Mughal and British periods.

The Data Durbar of Hazrat Syed Abul Hassan Bin Usman Bin Ali Al-Hajweri is the most widely visited and venerated place for the natives and represents pre-Mughal times’ architecture. Mughal architecture can be seen in the Badshahi Mosque, Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens. While the Lahore Museum and Lahore High Court’s buildings represent British architecture.

Geography & Climate:

Lahore city is bounded on the north and west by the Sheikhupura district, on the east by India and on the south Kasur district. The river Ravi flows on the northern side of Lahore. Lahore covers a total land area of 404 km.²
Lahore witnesses’ extremes climates during the months of May, June, and July, while temperatures soar to 45–50 Celsius and it is the hottest time of the year. The summer leads into the monsoon which brings heavy rainfall throughout the city and province as well.
While December, January and February are the coldest months when temperatures drop to 0 −1 degree Celsius

Government and administrative division:

The Lahore district comprises nine administrative towns and one separate military cantonment but there are also some historic neighborhoods of Lahore.

Administrative towns:

• Aziz Bhatti Town
• Ravi Town
• Shalimar Town
• Wagah Town
• Data Ganj Baksh Town
• Gulberg Town
• Allama Iqbal Town
• Samanabad Town
• Nishtar Town

Other neighborhoods:
• Gawalmandi
• Qila Guger Sing
• Johar Town
• Faisal Town
• Model Town
• Lahore Cantonment
• Township
• Green Town
• Garden Town

According to the 1998 census 86.2%, or 6,896,000 of the population are Punjabis, 10.2% or 816,000 are Muhajirs. There are known to be more than a million Pashtun in Lahore probably about 15% of the population. Finally, the Seraikis at 0.4% number about 32,000.

Sites of interest:
Lahore is famous as being the cultural center of Pakistan, every nook and corner of Lahore has a rich history and cultural importance. However following historic sites and buildings are must if one visits Lahore.

• Badshahi Masjid
• Lahore Fort (Sheesh Mahal, or Palace of Mirrors)
• Azeri Bagh
• Mausoleum of Muhammad Iqbal
• Data Sahib (Data Darbar)
• Shahi Mohalla
• Minar-e-Pakistan
• Anarkali
• Chauburji
• Lahore Museum
• Gawal Mandi
• Ichhra
• Shalimar Gardens
• Shahdara
• Shimla Pahari

Walled city of Lahore:
The Walled City of Lahore, also known as the Old City or Anderoon Shehr is the section of Lahore which was fortified by a city wall during the Mughal era. Much of the wall remains intact today.
The thirteen fabled gates of Lahore are:

• Akbari Gate
• Bhati Gate
• Delhi Gate
• Kashmiri Gate
• Lohari Gate (also known as 'Lahori Gate')
• Masti Gate
• Mochi Gate
• Mori Gate
• Roshnai Gate
• Shahalmi Gate
• Shairanwala Gate (the lion’s gate)
• Taxali Gate
• Yakki Gate

Festivals and celebrations:
As Lahore is known as the cultural center of Pakistan, therefore it has rich and special flavor of its own. The Laborites are generally known in Pakistan as the Zinda Dilan Lahore owing to their liveliness and flare for celebration. Here are some celebrations and festivals celebrated in Lahore.

• Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha
• Basant
• Independence Day
• Lahore marathon
• Mela Chiraghan
• National Horse and Cattle Show

Major universities and colleges:
Lahore is considered one of the most open-minded and enlightened cities of Pakistan and is the home of most of the prominent educational institutions. A list of premier education institutions in the city of Lahore is given below:

• University of the Punjab
• University College of Information Technology (PUCIT)
• University of Central Punjab
• University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore
• Government College University
• Aitcheson College
• Lahore University of Management Sciences
• Lahore Grammar College for Women
• Lahore College for Women University
• Superior University Lahore
• Lahore School of Economics (LSE)
• COMSATS Institute Of Information Technology
• University of Lahore
• National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (formerly FAST)
• King Edward Medical College
• Forman Christian College
• Iqra University
• Allama Iqbal Medical College
• National College of Arts (NCA)
• University of Management and Technology
• Minhaj University, Lahore
• Institute of Management and Sciences
• Kennard College for Women

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